Category Archives: Sources

References on the Queen-Victoria ritual complex and Medine Sugar Estate

Benoist, Jean. 1998. Hindouismes créoles : Mascareignes, Antilles, Paris : Éditions du CTHS, 303 p.

Claveyrolas, Mathieu. 2017. Quand l’hindouisme est créole. Indianité et plantation à l’île Maurice, Paris : Editions de l’EHESS.

Servan-Schreiber, Catherine (ed.). 2014. Indianité et créolité à l’île Maurice, Paris: Editions de l’EHESS, coll. Purushartha n°32.

Varahakshetra, 2001

Barahakshetra, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Jhakri Rai offers puja at the holy confluence, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Jhakri Rai puts tika to devotees after performing puja at the holy confluence, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Dhami Rai on the bank of Koka river, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Jhākri Gurung in Varaha temple, Varahakshetra, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Sraddha on Koshi river, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Sraddha on Koshi river, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Jhakri Cheetri performs puja in Varakshetra Kartik mela, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Jhakri Rai at the holy confluence, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Nisan Jatra from Chattara to Varahakhsetra, Kartik Mela, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia
Sraddha on Koshi river, Nepal, 2001, credits: Prof. Chiara Letizia


References on the Hazrath Pir Sayyid Hyder Shah Qadri Jilani Dargah

Green, Nile. 2006. Indian Sufism since the Seventeenth Century: Saints; Books and Empire in the Deccan. London: Routledge.

Green, Nile. 2014. Terrains of Exchange: Religious Economies of Global Islam. London: Hurst.

Reetz, Dietrich. 2006. “Sufi Spirituality Fires Reformist Zeal: The Tablîghî Jam’â’t in Today’s India and Pakistan.” Archives de sciences sociales des religions. 135. July-September.

References on the Mahakulung site

Schlemmer, Grégoire, 2012. « Fils du territoire, alliés de la forêt. Expressions rituelles du rapport au territoire chez les Kulung Rai du Népal oriental », Moussons, N°19, 33-50.

Schlemmer, Grégoire, 2017 « Voyageurs immobiles. Ce que les voyages rituels révèlent de la géographie idéelle des Kulung Rai du Népal », Territoires du religieux dans els mondes indiens. Parcourir, mettre en scène, franchir. Delage, Rémy, Claveyrolas, Mathieu, Purusartha 34.

Schlemmer, Grégoire, Forthcoming. « Enshrining space. Shrines, public space and Hinduization among the Kulung of Nepal », Samaj.

Nicoletti, Martino, 2006, The Ancestral Forest: Memory, Space and Ritual among the Kulunge Rai of Eastern Nepal. Kathmandu: Vajra Publications.

Various locations, Nepal, 2005-2016

1. A cult to a forest spirit (ritual to Bhureni, Bung, Nepal, 2008)

2. A ‘shaman’ jhankri (Kulung shaman, Nepal, 2016)

3. A temple to the goddess of knowledge (Sarasvatī) in the Bung public school for Hindu, Buddhist and Kirantist students

4. Disease with others: throwing bad influences in neighborhood valleys (Sansari ritual, Kowlam, Nepal, 2016)

5. Way to get merit: Buddhist stupa built by non Buddhist Kulung Rai (Kiraonle, Nepal, 2005)

6. A gospel in a church (Bung, Nepal, 2016).

7. The devotion to a self-manifested power (Salpa lake, Nepal, 2008)

8. The pilgrimage to an Holy place (Halesi, Nepal, 2017)

9. Protective power, whoever it is (Halesi, Nepal, 2017)

Credits: Dr. Grégoire Schlemmer

Amroha, India, 2015

1. The Saddo Masjid

2. A Muslim visitor at the Vasudeo Mandir

3. The shrine to Zain Khan Zainka Baba, at Vasudev Mandir

4. A Hindu woman rubs the body of her son with sacred oil while Muslim offter prayers at the dargah of Nasruddin Shah

5. A Hindu devotee patient at the Shah Vilayat Dargah

6. A wedding invitation deposited by a Hindu family at the Dargah of Shah Vilayat

7. Hindu shopkeepers decorating Shia alams during Moharram

8. Upper caste Muslims offer tea to Hindu Dalits celebrating Valmiki Jayanti

Credits: Dr. Laurent Gayer

References on the Vasudev Mandir

Abbasi, Ahmad([1930] .2005). Tarîkh-e-Amroha (Urdu) [The History of Amroha], Mumbai, Kitabard.

Crooke, William. 1896.  The Popular Religion and Folk-lore of Northern India, Vol. 1, Westminster, Archibald & Co.

Jones, Justin. (2009), « The Local Experiences of Reformist Islam in a ‘‘Muslim’’ Town in Colonial India : The Case of Amroha,» Modern Asian Studies, 43 (4), pp. 871-908.

Naqvi, Shahwar Husain [1889].2007. Tarîkh-e-Asgharî (Urdu) edited by Maulana Dr. Syed Shehwar Husain Naqvi, Amroha, Mir Anis Akademi.

Nevill, H.R. .1911. Moradabad. A Gazetteer, Being Vol XVI of the District  Gazetteer of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Allahabad, Government Press.

Tassy, Garcin de .1831. Mémoire sur des particularités de la religion musulmane dans l’Inde, d’après les ouvrages hindoustani, Paris, Imprimerie royale.

References on the Ajmer Dargah

Akbar, Sohail. 2018. “Ajmer Sharif’s Photo Booths Capture an Islam that is Diverse and Local.” Econmic and Political Weekly, 53(5), pp. 3320-3331.

Begg, Wahiduddin. 1977. The Holy Biography of Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Hasan Chishti. East-West Publications Fonds.

Currie, Peter M. 1978. “The Shrine and Cult of Mu’in Al-dīn Chishtī of Ajmer.” University of Oxford.

Dhaul, Laxmi and Sanjay S. Badnor. 2001. The Sufi Saint of Ajmer. Thea Enterprises.

Metcalf, Barbara D. 2009. Islam in South Asia in Practice. Princeton University Press.

Moini, Syed L. H. 1989. “Rituals and Customary Practices at the Dargah of Ajmer.” Muslim Shrines in India: Their Character, History and Significance:60-75.

Nizami, Khaliq A. 1961. Some Aspects of Religion and Politics in India during the Thirteenth Century. Bombay; New York: Asia Publishing House.

Rizvi, Saiyid A. A. 1978. “A History of Sufism in India, 2 Vols.” New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal 83.

Sarda, Har B. 1941. Ajmer: Historical and Descriptive. Fine Art Printing Press.

Tirmizi, SAI. 1968. Ajmer through Inscriptions [1532-1852 AD.Indian Institute of Islamic Studies.